Rosenthal, courant. First Known Use of phobic Adjective , in the meaning defined above.
History and Etymology for phobic Adjective combining form French -phobique , from Late Latin -phobicus , from Greek -phobikos , from -phobia. Learn More about phobic. Resources for phobic Time Traveler! Explore the year a word first appeared.
Dictionary Entries near phobic -phobe phobia -phobia phobic -phobic phobism Phobos. Time Traveler for phobic The first known use of phobic was in See more words from the same year. More from Merriam-Webster on phobic Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for phobic. Comments on phobic What made you want to look up phobic? Get Word of the Day daily email! Test Your Vocabulary. Love words? Need even more definitions? Traditional systematic desensitization involves a person being exposed to the object they are afraid of overtime, so that the fear and discomfort do not become overwhelming.
This controlled exposure to the anxiety-provoking stimulus is key to the effectiveness of exposure therapy in the treatment of specific phobias. It has been shown that humor is an excellent alternative when traditional systematic desensitization is ineffective. Progressive muscle relaxation helps people relax their muscles before and during exposure to the feared object or phenomenon. Participant modeling, in which the therapist models how the person should respond to fears, has been proven effective for children and adolescents.
In a manner similar to systematic desensitization, people with phobias are gradually introduced to their feared objects. The main difference between participant modelling and systematic desensitization involves observations and modelling; participant modelling encompasses a therapist modelling and observing positive behaviours over the course of gradual exposure to the feared object. Virtual reality therapy is another technique that helps phobic people confront a feared object. It uses virtual reality to generate scenes that may not have been possible or ethical in the physical world.
It offers some advantages over systematic desensitization therapy. People can control the scenes and endure more exposure than they might handle in reality. Virtual reality is more realistic than simply imagining a scene—the therapy occurs in a private room and the treatment is efficient. Medications can help regulate apprehension and fear of a particular fearful object or situation.
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SSRIs antidepressants act on serotonin, a neurotransmitter in the brain. Since serotonin impacts mood, people may be prescribed an antidepressant. Sedatives such as benzodiazepines may also be prescribed, which can help people relax by reducing the amount of anxiety they feel. Beta blockers are another medicinal option as they may stop the stimulating effects of adrenaline, such as sweating, increased heart rate, elevated blood pressure, tremors and the feeling of a pounding heart.
Hypnotherapy can be used alone and in conjunction with systematic desensitization to treat phobias.
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- PHOBIC | meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary.
The phobia may be caused by a past event that the person does not remember, a phenomenon known as repression. The mind represses traumatic memories from the conscious mind until the person is ready to deal with them. Hypnotherapy may also eliminate the conditioned responses that occur during different situations. People are first placed into a hypnotic trance, an extremely relaxed state  in which the unconscious can be retrieved. This state makes people more open to suggestion, which helps bring about desired change.
Phobias are a common form of anxiety disorder , and distributions are heterogeneous by age and gender. Between 4 percent and 10 percent of all children experience specific phobias during their lives,  and social phobias occur in one percent to three percent of children and adolescents. A Swedish study found that females have a higher number of cases per year than males The regular system for naming specific phobias to use prefix based on a Greek word for the object of the fear, plus the suffix -phobia.
However, there are many phobias irregularly named with Latin prefixes, such as apiphobia instead of melissaphobia fear of bees or aviphobia instead of ornithophobia fear of birds. Creating these terms is something of a word game. Such fears are psychological rather than physiological in origin and few of these terms are found in medical literature.
The word phobia may also refer to conditions other than true phobias. For example, the term hydrophobia is an old name for rabies , since an aversion to water is one of that disease's symptoms. A specific phobia to water is called aquaphobia instead. A hydrophobe is a chemical compound that repels water. Similarly, the term photophobia usually refers to a physical complaint aversion to light due to inflamed eyes or excessively dilated pupils , rather than an irrational fear of light. A number of terms with the suffix -phobia are used non-clinically to imply irrational fear or hatred.
Phobias in Children
Examples include:. Usually these kinds of "phobias" are described as fear, dislike, disapproval, prejudice , hatred , discrimination or hostility towards the object of the "phobia". From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. An anxiety disorder defined by a persistent and excessive fear of an object or situation. This article is about the clinical psychology. For other uses, see Phobia disambiguation. See also: Social anxiety disorder. Main article: List of phobias.
The Psychiatric Clinics of North America. March Archived from the original on 27 July Retrieved 27 July CNS Drugs. Archived from the original on 14 July Retrieved 26 July Depress Anxiety. Diseases of the Human Body.
Phobia - Wikipedia
Philadelphia, PA: F. Davis Company. Washington D. Archived from the original on Retrieved Psychological Medicine. Fear and Courage. Molecular Psychiatry. Retrieved April 25, Journal of Abnormal Psychology. Phelps Psychological Science. Archived PDF from the original on Psychological Review. National Institutes of Health. A review with emphasis on the neurobiological influences".
Phobic and Anxiety Disorders in Children and Adolescents
Nord J Psychiatry. Bear; Barry W. Connors; Michael A. Paradiso, eds.
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